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GO TO Parent Section: A History of Day Surgery in Australia
Dr Lindsay Roberts, FRCS FRACS. Chairman, Australian Day Surgery Council, 1990 2000

Day Surgery Article
Publication Status 3b (Australian Surgeon August 1987)
Review Status SR
Copyright Copyright of this article is vested in the author. Permissions for reprints or republications must be obtained in writing from the copyright holder. This article has been republished here with permission from the copyright holder. (Scanned from The Australian Surgeon August 1987. If there is any discrepancy between this scanned reproduction and the original the original takes precedence.)

Health Insurance Rebates For Day Surgery
Lindsay Roberts, FRCS FRACS
Chairman, Australian Day Surgery Council, 1990 2000
President Elect, International Association For Ambulatory Surgery 1999

This article was presented in may 1987 at an AAS meeting held in conjunction with the GSM of the RACS. The figures in the tables were those current at that time.

The concept of day surgery is now firmly established and accepted by the Medical Profession, Government and the community as a whole. There has been increasing support for day surgery in the United States of America over the past fifteen years and a generally accepted estimate, both in the United States and in Australia, is that 40%, and possibly more, of all surgery can be safely carried out in day surgery facilities with a high standard of patient care.

The development of day surgery in Australia has regrettably lagged far behind and this is largely due to the failure of Federal and State Governments to recognise the great potential of this efficient and cost effective surgical service. In the past three years, however, a small number of free standing day surgery Facilities have been established in New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia. The further development of these Facilities can only occur with appropriate support of Government and the health insurance system.

There are many advantages of day surgery, not only to patients and the medical profession, but also to nurses, health insurance funds and Government. It is the cost effectiveness of day surgery which should appeal to Government and the health insurance industry, and this cost effectiveness is illustrated by comparative costs of patients treated in day surgery facilities compared to the same patients treated in overnight bed hospitals (see Table A). There is a cost saving of $150 - $170 for each patient.

At the present time the private health funds have failed to recognise this cost effectiveness. The basic table provides a rebate of only $90 leaving a large element to be paid by the patient. It is of further interest to note a similar inadequacy of the basic table for private hospital insurance and it is no exaggeration to state that the basic health table is now irrelevant as far as private hospital and day surgery services are concerned (see Table B).

On the basis of these facts, the following recommendations demand consideration:

  1. The basic table of hospital insurance be modified to provide a full rebate for day surgery services (facility rebate, plus theatre rebate), i.e. at the level which is currently payable to patients in the higher tables.
  2. Consideration be given to subsidising disadvantaged patients (especially elderly patients) for day surgery. N.B. Apart from the cost saving, this would assist in reducing waiting lists. The best example is ophthalmology - Cataract operations with lens implant are increasingly being carried out in the day surgery system.
  3. Governments give maximum support to the development of day surgery by avoiding unnecessary legislation and regulations.
Table A: Comparative Rates

Day Surgery vs Overnight Surgery

 Day SurgeryPrivate HospitalFinancial Advantage
Half-Hour Operation200350150
Half to 1 Hour Operation260430170
One to 1 Hour Operation320470150

Table B: Fee and Rebate Analysis
 Day SurgeryPrivate Hospital One Day Shared
  Fee Rebate Patient Payment Fee Rebate Patient Payment
Up to Half Hour 200 90 110 350 154 196
Half to 1-Hour 260 90 170 420 154 266
One to 11/2,-Hours 320 90 230 470 154 316

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